Nepal’s power sector has come a long way from decade long load shedding having more than 20 hours of scheduled power cuts to no scheduled power cuts currently. Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) and Independent Power Producers (IPPs) have significantly increased the installed capacity of power projects in last 4 years. Capacity addition of power projects has grown at a CAGR of 12.05% in 3 year period till the end of FY19.
Nepal’s installed capacity in power sector is dominated by hydropower which is also the largest available renewable energy source of Nepal. Nepal’s potential in hydropower sector is large and yet untapped considering economically viable capacity of 42,000 MW out of which only 2.69% has been achieved at the end of FY19.
Development of hydropower has faced many challenges in the past. Earthquake of 2015 was one of the major setbacks for the sector with many under construction projects facing delays, which ultimately impacted cost of the projects. Recent Corona Virus (COVID-19) pandemic which has impacted entire Nepalese economy has affected power sector as well. The emerging disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic will add weakness to the sector which otherwise had been progressing well for last few years.
While the pandemic has affected various sectors across the country, we have analyzed and presented impacts of the pandemic on the stakeholders related to power sector.